|Israel National Monitoring Program at the Gulf of Eilat (NMP)|
The meteorological station at the Interuniversity Institute for Marine Sciences
Eilat (IUI) (coordinates: N 29° 30.211’ E 34° 55.068’) includes continuous measurements
of air temperature, relative humidity, barometric pressure, global radiation,
wind speed and wind direction, as well as water temperature and water pressure (sea level).
The station is self contained, consisting of high-end commercial sensors connected
to a data-logger, and situated on the IUI pier about 30m offshore. The meteorological
station started operating on Sept. 21, 2006 and operates on Israel Winter Time (GMT+2).
|Wind monitor MA (speed & direction)
|Air temperature & relative humidity
|Casing for temp. & RH sensor (radiation protection)
|Barometric pressure port (minimize errors caused by wind flow)
||Kipp & Zonen
Wind speed and direction, and air temperature and relative humidity are measured from the top of the main mast on the pier,
10m above sea level (at low tide). The sensor for barometric pressure is located 5m above sea level and the measurement is
corrected for sea level. The sensor for global radiation is fixed on a cross-arm extending 0.7m due south from the main mast,
some 6m above sea level.
Water pressure sensor is encased in a 3-meter long vertical metal tube 3” in diameter fixed to the main supporting pole of
the pier (which is the downward extension of the main mast). The encasing metal tube is meant to attenuate high frequency
oscillations (i.e. waves). The sensor is located 0.79m below sea level (Calibration to Israel sea level datum is courtesy
of Dr. Dov Rosen, IOLR) and also measures water temperature. An additional, dedicated, water temperature probe is located
approximately 1m deeper, fixed to the main pole supporting the pier.
All measurements are collected by the data-logger of the station, which is housed in a weatherproof box attached to the main mast.
All variables excluding water level are collected by the data-logger at 1-second intervals. Water level values are collected at 1-minute
intervals. The measured values are averaged over a 10-minute period and a dedicated computer retrieves the averages every hour.
In addition, maximum wind speed and the sigmatheta (standard deviation of wind direction) in each 10-minute interval are recorded.
An additional 24-hour summary is provided containing the maximum and minimum values of the measured variables during that period,
and their time of occurrence (in the case of wind speed and radiation only maximum values are recorded, and for wind speed its direction
is also given).
The data are collected by a dedicated computer and stored on the IUI server as part of the NMP database. It is free and available for public use.